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honey bee foraging

Animal Behavior 282 Species Report Guidelines Objectives: (a) to learn more about an animal you are especially interested in, and (b) to compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of reports in scientific research journals (primary sources) versus those in popular media“ secondary sources like magazine articles, TV shows and the internet. Species report. Due Thursday, March 3rd. This 5-page report, should focus on the behavior of a single animal species or a group of species that are taxonomically or ecologically related. After doing some reading on the species, you may want to narrow your focus to one particular kind of behavior, like communication, mating, foraging, or parental care. Research. Start with a popular article you like and then locate the scientific writings by that author and/or researcher. Your paper should be based on your reading a minimum of 4 sources, two from each end of the "scientific-to-popular" spectrum. Suggested popular media include TV programs (Nature, National Geographic) and magazines like Natural History, National Geographic, Discover, World/National Wildlife, The Smithsonian. Suggested scientific journals include Animal Behavior, Behavioral Ecology, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Journal Of Mammalogy, and "bird journals" like The Auk or Condor. (Note: students who do the minimum should not expect the maximum grade!) Species report proposal. Due Thursday, February 10th. The text of your species report proposal can be less than one page, but it MUST include citations to at least two sources-- one from a scientific journal and one from a popular magazine. Note that your final report will require a MINIMUM of 4 citations, which can include a diversity of semi-scientific and popular websites, including videos, as long as your report has at least one scientific journal article. The point is to find at least one source that is "primary," that is, the scientific article describing the original study on which the magazine articles and videos are based. A primary source must include a quantitative presentation of the study's observations; that is, the data on which the magazine articles and videos base their stories. You will be able to recognize a scientific journal article because it has an abstract, a material and methods section, a results section with tables and/or graphs, and a discussion. Many scientific journal articles are available in pdf format on line, but sometimes you will be required to pay a few dollars to access them. If you find you need one that costs money and don't want to pay for it, try accessing it through the data bases at Dana Library. The library pays an annual fee to many journals for the right to "free" access. The Dana reference desk will be able to help. Content. Your report should be divided between the two objectives; namely, (a) 3 pages about what you learned about your species, and (b) 2 pages contrasting scientific versus popular views of animal behavior. What are the pros and cons (strengths and weaknesses) of these 2 ways of presenting studies about behavior? When contrasting scientific and popular sources, here are some suggestions to get you started, but don't limit yourself to only these! Include short quotations to illustrate the contrasts. Comments on Species Report Proposals What behavior(s) will your report focus on? Focus on behavior. Don’t waste precious words on geographic distribution, body size and color, or taxonomic classification (Kingdom, phylum, class, order…). Your citations MUST include at least one truly scientific article in “lab report” format from a peer-reviewed, in-print journal. When citing websites, include (if possible) the title, name of the author or sponsor, and the date the site was last updated. For journal articles found on line in pdf format, use the standard citation for a printed document: Author, year, tile of article (in quotation marks), title of journal (in italics), volume and page numbers. Use the common name first, followed by the scientific name in parentheses. Italicize scientific names like Homo sapiens. Capitalize the genus, never the species. The word species is both singular and plural. Specie is coin money (as opposed to bullion or paper money). The word media is plural; the word medium is singular. NEVER use etc. Rewrite the sentence using like, such as, including, or for example.

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